What is Chow Mein? Exploring the Delicious World

what is chowmein
20 min reading time

Are you curious about chow mein? This beloved Chinese cuisine has gained wide popularity for its mouth-watering taste, unique texture, and endless customization options. If you’re new to this dish and wondering what is chow mein, we’ve got you covered.

Chow mein is a type of Chinese stir-fry dish made with a combination of meat, vegetables, and noodles. The word “chow mein” is derived from the Taishanese dialect of Chinese, which means “stir-fried noodles.”

Chow mein can be made with various types of noodles, including thin, crispy, or soft egg noodles, wheat noodles, or rice noodles. The dish typically combines vegetables such as bok choy, bean sprouts, carrots, and celery, along with your choice of protein such as chicken, beef, shrimp, or tofu.

Chow mein has a unique flavor that comes from the combination of various sauces and seasonings such as soy sauce, oyster sauce, sesame oil, and garlic. The dish is then stir-fried at high heat to create a crispy texture and enhance the flavors.

In the next sections, we’ll explore the basics of chow mein, its history, regional variations, and much more. So, stay tuned to uncover everything you need to know about this delicious Chinese cuisine.

Chow Mein: A Brief History

Chow mein’s origins can be traced back to China’s Northern Song Dynasty (960-1127). During this time, wheat flour began to replace rice flour as the primary ingredient for noodles. This development spurred the creation of chow mein, which means “fried noodles” in Chinese.

Initially, chow mein was a simple dish consisting of fried noodles and vegetables. However, as it gained popularity, various regions began to add their unique twists. In Shanghai, for example, seafood and meat were added to the dish, while in Guangdong, it was made with crispy noodles and topped with a thick sauce.

Chow mein’s popularity spread beyond China’s borders and into the United States during the late 1800s when Chinese immigrants began to settle there. It quickly became a popular dish in Chinese-American cuisine, with restaurants serving up their own variations.

Today, chow mein remains a beloved dish worldwide, with various regional variations and adaptations. Its versatility and delicious taste have made it a staple in Chinese cuisine and a favorite among food enthusiasts.

The Types of Chow Mein

Chow mein comes in a variety of types, including:

  • Classic chow mein: This variation uses thin, crispy egg noodles and is often served in Chinese-American restaurants.
  • Cantonese chow mein: This variation uses soft, pan-fried noodles and is popular in southern China and Hong Kong.
  • Shanghai chow mein: This variation uses thick, chewy noodles and is often paired with a rich sauce.

The Ingredients

The ingredients that make up chow mein can vary depending on the type of chow mein you are making. However, some common ingredients include:

  • Noodles
  • Vegetables: such as bell pepper, onion, and celery
  • Protein: such as chicken, beef, shrimp, or tofu
  • Sauce: such as soy sauce, oyster sauce, or hoisin sauce

The Recipe

Here’s a basic recipe for making chow mein:


  • 8 oz chow mein noodles
  • 1 tablespoon oil
  • 1 onion, sliced
  • 1 bell pepper, sliced
  • 2 cups sliced vegetables of your choice
  • 1 lb protein of your choice, sliced
  • 3 tablespoons soy sauce
  • 2 tablespoons oyster sauce
  • 1 teaspoon sesame oil
  • 1 teaspoon sugar


  1. Boil the noodles according to the package instructions, then drain and set aside.
  2. Heat the oil in a wok or large skillet over high heat.
  3. Add the onion and bell pepper and stir-fry for 1-2 minutes.
  4. Add the remaining vegetables and protein and stir-fry for 2-3 minutes.
  5. Add the cooked noodles and sauce ingredients and stir-fry until everything is well combined and heated through.
  6. Serve hot and enjoy!

Chow mein is a customizable dish, so feel free to add or substitute ingredients to suit your taste. Now that you know the basics of chow mein, it’s time to get cooking and enjoy this delicious Chinese dish!

Unraveling the Flavors of Chow Mein

Chow mein is a flavorful dish that owes its deliciousness not only to its ingredients but also to the sauces used. The sauces in chow mein are usually savory, sweet, and tangy, and they blend to create a one-of-a-kind taste. They also help to bring out the natural flavors of the vegetables and protein used.

The most commonly used sauce in chow mein is the soy sauce, which is rich in umami flavor and gives the dish its characteristic dark brown color. Oyster sauce is another famous sauce used in chow mein. It is thicker than soy sauce and slightly sweet and provides a rich, savory flavor. Other sauces used are hoisin sauce, sesame oil, and rice vinegar.

When it comes to noodles, chow mein uses thin, wheat-based noodles that are stir-fried with vegetables and protein. The noodles are cooked al dente, ensuring a firm yet chewy texture essential to the dish.

It’s important to note that not all chow mein dishes are made equal. Regional variations of chow mein often have their unique sauces and noodles, giving the dish a different flavor spin. For example, Singaporean chow mein often uses curry and coconut milk, while the Cantonese version uses a lighter sauce and thinner noodles.

Tips for the Perfect Chow Mein

To make the perfect chow mein, it’s essential to get the sauce and noodle balance right. Too much sauce can make the dish soggy and overpowering, while overcooking the noodles can make them mushy.

Ensure to cook the noodles by boiling them for 2-3 minutes and then stir-frying them until they turn slightly crispy. This ensures that the noodles retain shape and don’t get too soft when added to the sauce.

It’s also crucial to use high heat when stir-frying to prevent the vegetables from becoming limp and the protein from losing its flavor. Lastly, always taste the dish before serving and adjust the seasoning as needed.

Chow Mein vs. Lo Mein: What’s the Difference?

Chow mein and lo mein are both popular Chinese noodle dishes, but they have some distinct differences in their preparation and flavor profiles. Understanding these differences will help you choose the right dish for your palate.


The primary difference between chow mein and lo mein is in the way the noodles are prepared. Chow mein noodles are stir-fried until they are crispy, while lo mein noodles are boiled until they are soft and then stir-fried with other ingredients.

Additionally, the types of noodles used in each dish can vary. Chow mein is typically made with thin, round noodles, while lo mein is made with thicker, wider noodles.

Flavor Profile

The preparation method for each dish gives them a unique flavor profile. Chow mein’s crispy texture and stir-fry method give it a slightly smoky and nutty flavor. On the other hand, lo mein’s soft noodles and mix of ingredients give it a milder, more savory flavor.

Another key difference in flavor is the sauce used in each dish. Chow mein is often served with a soy-based sauce, while lo mein typically uses a thicker, more viscous sauce to coat the noodles.

Which One to Choose?

Choosing between chow mein and lo mein ultimately comes down to personal preference. If you prefer crispy noodles with a smoky flavor, chow mein may be the way to go. If you prefer softer noodles with a milder flavor, lo mein may be your dish of choice. However, remember that many restaurants offer variations of each dish, so don’t be afraid to ask your server for recommendations based on your preferences.

Regional Variations of Chow Mein

Chow mein has become a popular dish not only in China but also in other parts of the world, including the United States. As a result, it has undergone various regional variations with unique flavors and ingredients. Here are some of the most popular regional chow mein variations:

1. Hong Kong-style Chow Mein

Hong Kong-style chow mein is known for its crispy texture and unique sauce. The dish features thin noodles that are stir-fried until crispy before being topped with a savory sauce made from soy sauce, sugar, and oyster sauce. It is often served with a variety of vegetables, including bean sprouts, cabbage, and carrots.

2. Cantonese Chow Mein

Cantonese chow mein is a classic variation that features thinner noodles than other types. The dish often includes a variety of meats, including beef, chicken, and shrimp, along with vegetables such as bok choy and onions. The sauce used in Cantonese chow mein is usually a combination of oyster sauce and soy sauce.

3. Szechuan Chow Mein

Szechuan chow mein is a spicy variation that originates from the Sichuan province in China. The dish features thick noodles that are stir-fried with spicy Szechuan peppercorns, garlic, and chili peppers. It is often served with shrimp, beef, or chicken, and can be topped with peanuts for added texture.

4. Singaporean Chow Mein

Singaporean chow mein is a unique variation that features thin rice vermicelli noodles. The dish often includes a variety of meats, including chicken, pork, and shrimp, as well as vegetables such as onions, garlic, and bean sprouts. It is topped with a flavorful curry sauce that gives it a distinct taste.

5. American Chow Mein

American chow mein is a variation that has been adapted to suit local tastes. The dish generally features thicker noodles and a mild, sweet sauce. It often includes vegetables such as celery, onions, and carrots and can be served with a variety of meats, including beef and chicken.

These are just a few of the many regional variations of chow mein. Each variation offers a unique take on this classic Chinese dish, providing a chance for food lovers to explore different flavors and ingredients.

Chow Mein Around the World

Chow mein has become a beloved dish beyond China’s borders and can now be found in many countries across the globe. With its delicious flavors and customizable ingredients, it’s no wonder that chow mein has gained such widespread popularity.

Chow Mein in the United States

Chow mein has been a part of the American culinary scene for over a century and can be found in many Chinese restaurants across the country. However, the American version of chow mein is typically a bit different from the authentic Chinese dish, usually featuring a thicker sauce and a stir-fried mixture of vegetables and meat.

Chow Mein in Australia

Australia has developed its own unique take on chow mein, which includes a tomato-based sauce and a variety of vegetables such as cabbage, carrots, and onions. This version is often served with fried noodles on top for added texture.

Chow Mein in India

In India, chow mein is often referred to as “Hakka noodles” and is typically served with a spicy sauce. It’s a popular street food and can be found in many fast-food restaurants throughout the country.

Chow Mein in Europe

Chow mein has also gained a following in Europe, particularly in the UK. Here, it is commonly served with chicken or beef and a variety of vegetables, including bell peppers, onions, and bean sprouts.

Chow Mein in Latin America

In Latin America, chow mein is often combined with Mexican flavors and served in a tortilla wrap. This fusion dish is known as a “Chow Mexican” and typically includes ingredients such as jalapenos, beans, and avocado.

Overall, chow mein’s global popularity speaks to its versatility and deliciousness. Whether you prefer the classic Chinese version or a regional variation, chow mein is a dish that is enjoyed all around the world.

Health Benefits of Chow Mein

what is chowmein

Chow mein, a popular Chinese dish, can offer some health benefits when prepared with nutritious ingredients. Here are some of the potential health benefits of chow mein:

Good source of proteinChow mein can be made with various protein options like chicken, beef, or shrimp, making it a good source of this essential nutrient. Protein is crucial for muscle growth and repair and also acts as a building block for bones, skin, and blood.
Rich in vegetablesChow mein can be customized with different vegetable options, such as carrots, cabbage, and bell peppers, making it a rich source of vitamins, minerals, and fiber. Eating a diet high in vegetables has been linked to a lower risk of chronic diseases like heart disease, diabetes, and cancer.
Low in fatChow mein is typically low in fat, especially if prepared with lean protein sources and minimal oil. A low-fat diet can help reduce the risk of heart disease, high blood pressure, and stroke.
May aid weight lossChow mein can be a satisfying and low-calorie meal option, especially when made with plenty of vegetables and lean protein. Eating a calorie-controlled diet can help with weight loss and weight management.

However, it’s important to note that not all chow mein dishes are created equal. Some versions may be high in sodium or contain added sugars or unhealthy fats, which can negate the potential health benefits. When making chow mein at home, be mindful of the ingredients you use and opt for healthier alternatives wherever possible.

Chow Mein in Popular Culture

Chow mein has left its mark on popular culture in various forms of media. Let’s explore some notable appearances:

  1. The Simpsons: In the episode “The Old Man and the Key,” Homer Simpson is seen eating chow mein while waiting for a key to be made.
  2. Rush Hour: Detective James Carter, played by Chris Tucker, orders chow mein in a scene with Chef Juntao.
  3. The Joy Luck Club: In the novel by Amy Tan and subsequent movie adaptation, chow mein is mentioned as a favorite dish of the character Waverly Jong.

Chow mein has also made appearances in popular songs. Rapper Lil Yachty mentions chow mein in his song “Mase in ’97,” while rapper 2 Chainz references it in “Big Amount.”

“Sittin’ on the couch, smokin’ on chow mein.”

– Lil Yachty, “Mase in ’97”

“I might pull up in a Porsche, no Kia / Shawty be pullin’ my dick out her mouth and they takin’ pico / Pullin’ off and I’m gone, flexin’ on niggas like Popeye’s bone / Fuckin’ with me wrong, that chopper turn his white tee red like it’s Kool-Aid / Got the chow mein, I’m talkin’ bout money.”

– 2 Chainz, “Big Amount”

These references to chow mein in popular culture demonstrate its widespread recognition and popularity, both in the United States and beyond. Chow mein is more than just a dish; it’s a cultural icon that has become deeply embedded in our collective consciousness.

Chow Mein: Tips and Tricks

Chow mein is a versatile dish that can be customized to suit your preferences. Here are some tips and tricks to elevate your chow mein game:

  • Choose the right noodles: The type of noodles you choose can make or break your chow mein. For a classic chow mein, use thin egg noodles, while thicker noodles work better for a heartier version.
  • Prep your ingredients: To ensure your chow mein cooks evenly, prepare all your ingredients ahead of time and have them within reach. Cut the vegetables into bite-sized pieces and slice the protein thinly.
  • Cook the noodles right: Cook the noodles until al dente and rinse them in cold water before stir-frying to prevent them from sticking together.
  • Use high heat: Stir-fry your chow mein over high heat to get that delicious smoky flavor and prevent the noodles from getting soggy.
  • Balance the flavors: Chow mein’s flavor relies on the balance of sweet, salty, sour, and umami. Add sugar or honey if you prefer your chow mein on the sweeter side, or soy sauce and oyster sauce for a saltier punch. Add vinegar or lemon juice to enhance the sourness, and use mushrooms or shrimp paste for extra umami.
  • Get creative: Chow mein is a versatile dish that can accommodate different proteins and vegetables. Experiment with different combinations to find your favorite version. Try adding tofu or tempeh for a vegetarian option or use beef or shrimp for a non-traditional twist.

With these tips and tricks, you’ll be able to create a delicious and customized chow mein that’ll leave your taste buds wanting more!

Exploring Chow Mein Variations

Chow mein is a versatile dish that can be customized to suit different tastes and preferences. Here are some of the most popular chow mein variations:

  1. Vegetarian Chow Mein: For a vegetarian option, replace meat with vegetables such as bok choy, bell peppers, and carrots. Tofu can also be added for some extra protein.
  2. Chicken Chow Mein: Chicken is a popular protein choice for chow mein. When preparing chicken chow mein, boneless chicken breasts or thighs are typically used.
  3. Beef Chow Mein: Beef is another option for chow mein. For this variation, flank steak or sirloin steak works well.
  4. Shrimp Chow Mein: Shrimp is a delicious addition to chow mein. When preparing shrimp chow mein, deveined and shelled shrimp are typically used.

To customize your chow mein, you can also add other ingredients such as mushrooms, snow peas, and water chestnuts. Experiment with different sauces to enhance the flavor of your chow mein.

When preparing chow mein at home, it’s important to use fresh ingredients and a high-quality noodle. Follow the recipe closely and adjust the amount of seasoning and sauce to your liking.

Tips for Making Perfect Chow Mein:

Here are some tips to help you create a delicious chow mein:

  • Precook the noodles until they are al dente before stir-frying them with the other ingredients. This will prevent them from becoming mushy.
  • Cut the ingredients into bite-sized pieces to ensure even cooking and a satisfying texture.
  • Use a high-heat cooking oil such as peanut or vegetable oil to prevent sticking.
  • Stir fry the vegetables first before adding in the meat and noodles.
  • Don’t overcrowd the wok or pan. Cook in batches if necessary.
  • Adjust the seasoning and sauce to your liking. Taste as you go and add more salt and pepper if needed.

By experimenting with different ingredients and following these tips, you can create a delicious and customized chow mein that suits your taste buds.


In conclusion, chow mein is a delicious Chinese cuisine that has captivated the taste buds of people all around the world. Now that you have a better understanding of what chow mein is, its history, different variations, and how to make it at home, you can experiment with your own recipes and surprise your friends and family with your culinary skills.

Chow mein is an adaptable dish that can be customized to suit your preferences, whether you prefer vegetarian options or meat-based dishes. Its unique blend of ingredients such as noodles, vegetables, and sauces provides a satisfying and filling meal that can be enjoyed anytime, anywhere.

So, whether you’re a food enthusiast, curious traveler, or just looking for a new dish to savor, chow mein is definitely worth a try. Experiment with different flavors, ingredients, and seasonings to up your chow mein game and create a meal that suits your taste buds. With its fascinating history, unique flavors, and endless possibilities, chow mein is a dish that will keep you coming back for more.

Thank you for reading our guide to chow mein, we hope it has answered all your questions and provided you with valuable insights into one of China’s most famous dishes.


How does chow mein differ from other similar dishes?

Chow mein is often compared to lo mein, another Chinese noodle dish. The main difference lies in the preparation method – chow mein noodles are stir-fried until crispy, while lo mein noodles are boiled and then mixed with the sauce and ingredients. Chow mein also tends to have a drier consistency compared to saucier dishes like chow mein.

What are the key ingredients in chow mein?

The key ingredients in chow mein typically include noodles, vegetables such as cabbage, carrots, and bean sprouts, and a protein source such as chicken, beef, or shrimp. The dish is often seasoned with soy sauce, ginger, garlic, and other flavorful spices.

Can I make chow mein at home?

Absolutely! Making chow mein at home is a great way to enjoy this delicious dish. You can find various recipes online that provide step-by-step instructions on how to prepare the noodles, sauce, and vegetables. Feel free to customize the ingredients based on your preferences.

Are there different types of chow mein?

Yes, there are different types of chow mein, including classic and regional variations. Classic chow mein typically refers to the traditional Cantonese style, while regional variations may have their own unique flavors and ingredients. Some popular regional variations include Shanghai-style chow mein and Singapore-style chow mein.

What sauces are typically used in chow mein?

Chow mein can be seasoned with various sauces depending on the recipe and personal preference. Common sauces used include soy sauce, oyster sauce, hoisin sauce, and sesame oil. These sauces add depth of flavor and enhance the overall taste of the dish.

What types of noodles are used in chow mein?

Chow mein noodles are typically made from wheat flour and can vary in thickness and texture. They are designed to withstand the stir-frying process without becoming overly soft or mushy. The noodles are often long and have a slightly chewy consistency.

Is chow mein a healthy dish?

Chow mein can be a healthy dish when prepared with nutritious ingredients and balanced portion sizes. By choosing lean proteins, plenty of vegetables, and using minimal oil in the cooking process, you can enjoy a wholesome and flavorful meal.

Are there vegetarian options for chow mein?

Yes, there are vegetarian options for chow mein. Instead of using meat or seafood, you can substitute with tofu or tempeh as a protein source. You can also add a variety of vegetables to create a delicious and satisfying vegetarian chow mein.

Can I customize my chow mein with different proteins?

Absolutely! Chow mein is a versatile dish that can be customized with different proteins such as chicken, beef, shrimp, or even a combination of meats. Feel free to experiment with different protein options to suit your taste preferences.

Are there any tips for cooking perfect chow mein?

To achieve the perfect chow mein, make sure to cook your noodles just until they are al dente, and not overly soft. Stir-fry the noodles on high heat to achieve a slightly crispy texture. It’s also important to ensure your wok or pan is preheated before adding the ingredients to prevent them from becoming soggy.

Where can I find chow mein in popular culture?

Chow mein has made appearances in various forms of popular culture, including movies, literature, and music. Keep an eye out for mentions or depictions of this beloved dish in your favorite entertainment mediums!

What are some popular regional variations of chow mein?

Some popular regional variations of chow mein include Shanghai-style chow mein, Singapore-style chow mein, and Hong Kong-style chow mein. Each variation has its own unique flavors and ingredients that reflect the local culinary traditions.

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  • Harriet Haynes

    Chow Mein fanatic here! 😍

  • Rachel Archer

    As a lover of Asian cuisine, I find this article on Chow Mein incredibly enlightening. It’s fascinating to learn about the different regional variations, from the crispy Hong Kong-style to the spicy Szechuan style. The simple recipe provided seems very doable, even for someone who isn’t very skilled in the kitchen. The tips and tricks section is particularly useful, especially the advice on balancing flavors. This article definitely makes me want to try my hand at making Chow Mein at home!

  • Louise Walsh

    I prefer Lo Mein. 🤷‍♂️

  • Millie Francis

    Isn’t all this talk about different types of Chow Mein just splitting hairs? At the end of the day, it’s just noodles and sauce. 🙄

  • Naomi Francis

    Homer Simpson and I have something in common then. 😂

  • Tia Bailey

    So if I whip up some Chow Mein, does that make me Chef Juntao from Rush Hour? 🤔

  • Amy Scott

    The depth of information in this article is quite impressive. From the detailed breakdown of ingredients to the specific cooking instructions, it provides a comprehensive guide to making Chow Mein. Moreover, the regional variations section helps readers appreciate the diversity within this seemingly simple dish. It’s great to see how different regions have adapted Chow Mein to their local preferences and ingredients.

  • Rachel Saunders

    American Chow Mein is the best! Fight me. 😎

  • Elise Kemp

    This article just made me hungry. Off to the kitchen! 🍴

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