What Is Buffalo Grass? Pros, Cons, and Care Tips

What Is Buffalo Grass? Pros, Cons and Care Tips
13 min reading time

When it comes to choosing the right grass for your lawn, there are many options to consider. One type of grass that has gained popularity in recent years is buffalo grass. But what is buffalo grass, and what makes it a good choice for homeowners? In this article, we’ll explore the pros, cons, and care tips for buffalo grass, so you can make an informed decision about whether it is the right grass for your lawn.

Key Takeaways

  • Buffalo grass is a popular grass choice for lawns in the United States.
  • It is a low-maintenance grass that is drought-tolerant and resistant to pests and diseases.
  • Potential drawbacks of buffalo grass include slower growth rate, limited shade tolerance, and potential for invasive spreading.
  • Proper care and maintenance are key to ensuring a healthy buffalo grass lawn.

What Is Buffalo Grass?

Buffalo grass is a warm-season perennial grass native to the Great Plains region of North America. It is a popular turfgrass species used for lawns in many areas of the United States due to its unique characteristics and drought tolerance.

Buffalo grass has a fine texture and a blue-green color that sets it apart from other grass species. It is a low-growing grass that can reach a height of 3-6 inches. Its growth habit is characterized by both stolons (above-ground runners) and rhizomes (below-ground runners), which allow it to spread and form a dense turf.

One of the most significant advantages of buffalo grass is its tolerance to drought and heat. It has the ability to survive long periods without water and can survive in temperatures as high as 100 degrees Fahrenheit.

However, buffalo grass has limited shade tolerance and performs best in areas with plenty of sunlight. It can also have a slower growth rate than other grass varieties, resulting in a longer establishment period. It is important to note that while buffalo grass is drought-tolerant, it still requires regular watering to maintain a healthy and vibrant lawn.

Buffalo Grass Pros: Benefits of Choosing Buffalo Grass for Your Lawn

Buffalo grass is a great option for homeowners looking for a low-maintenance lawn that can withstand hot and dry climates. Here are some of the benefits of choosing buffalo grass for your lawn:

  • Drought Tolerance: Buffalo grass has a deep root system that allows it to survive extended periods of drought without much water.
  • Low Maintenance: Once established, buffalo grass requires very little maintenance. It does not need frequent mowing and can thrive without regular fertilization.
  • Natural Resistance: Buffalo grass has a natural resistance to pests and diseases, reducing the need for harsh chemical treatments.
  • Cost-Effective: Buffalo grass is an affordable option for homeowners on a budget. Its low maintenance and natural resistance mean less money spent on lawn care and treatments.
  • Environmental Benefits: Buffalo grass is eco-friendly because it requires less water and fertilizer than other types of grass. It also produces less yard waste because of its slower growth rate.

If you are looking for a beautiful, low-maintenance lawn that can handle hot and dry conditions, buffalo grass may be the perfect choice for you. Its many benefits make it one of the most popular types of grass used in the United States.

Buffalo Grass Cons

While buffalo grass has many benefits, there are also some potential drawbacks to consider before planting. Here are some of the main cons:

Slow growth rateWhile buffalo grass takes longer to establish, it ultimately requires less maintenance. To speed up the establishment process, consider using plugs or sod instead of seeds.
Limited shade toleranceBuffalo grass prefers full sun and may struggle in shady areas. If your lawn has some shady spots, consider planting a mix of buffalo grass and a shade-tolerant grass like fescue.
Potential for invasive spreadingBuffalo grass can spread quickly and may invade neighboring lawns or garden beds. To prevent this, install a root barrier or mow regularly to keep it contained.

Overall, while there are some challenges to growing buffalo grass, it can still be a great choice for many homeowners. With proper care and attention, buffalo grass can provide a beautiful, low-maintenance lawn that will last for years to come.

Buffalo Grass Care Tips

Buffalo grass is a relatively low-maintenance grass variety that can thrive in a range of conditions. However, proper care and maintenance are still essential to ensure its health and beauty. Here are some key care tips for keeping your buffalo grass lawn in top condition:


Mowing is an essential part of any lawn care routine, and buffalo grass is no exception. However, it’s important to avoid cutting the grass too short, as this can stress the plant and make it more susceptible to drought and disease. Aim to keep buffalo grass at a consistent height of 2-3 inches.


Buffalo grass is known for its drought tolerance, but it still needs regular watering to thrive. Water your buffalo grass deeply and infrequently, rather than giving it frequent shallow watering. This will encourage deep root growth and make the grass more resilient to dry spells. Aim to provide 1-1.5 inches of water per week, either through rainfall or irrigation.


Fertilization is important for keeping buffalo grass healthy and vigorous. Use a slow-release fertilizer in the spring, when the grass starts to green up. Avoid fertilizing in the summer, as this can encourage excessive growth and make the grass more susceptible to drought. You can apply a light feeding of fertilizer in the fall to encourage winter hardiness.

Weed Control

Like any lawn, buffalo grass is susceptible to weed invasion. The best defense against weeds is to maintain a healthy, thick lawn that can outcompete them. Mow regularly, water deeply and infrequently, and fertilize appropriately to encourage healthy growth. If you do have weeds, hand weeding or spot-treating with an herbicide can help control them.

How to Care for Buffalo Grass: Overseeding and Winterizing

If you want to fill in thin or bare spots in your buffalo grass lawn, overseeding with a compatible variety can help. Choose a variety that has similar characteristics to your existing lawn and follow proper seeding techniques. In the fall, you can also apply a light fertilizer to help your buffalo grass prepare for winter.

By following these simple care tips, you can ensure that your buffalo grass lawn remains healthy, lush, and beautiful year-round. With its low maintenance requirements and natural resilience, buffalo grass is an excellent choice for homeowners looking for an attractive and sustainable lawn option.

Buffalo Grass Growth Requirements

What Is Buffalo Grass? Pros, Cons and Care Tips
Source: media.angi.com

Buffalo grass requires specific growing conditions to thrive and establish a healthy lawn. Here are some of the growth requirements to keep in mind:

Soil TypeBuffalo grass prefers well-draining soil with a slightly acidic pH level. It can grow in different soil types, including clay, loam, and sandy soils, but it’s essential to avoid waterlogged or compacted soil that can hinder root growth.
Sunlight NeedsBuffalo grass thrives in full sun, meaning it needs at least six hours of direct sunlight per day. It can tolerate partial shade, but prolonged shade can lead to thinning and weak growth.
Temperature ToleranceBuffalo grass is a warm-season grass that can tolerate high temperatures and drought conditions. It goes dormant in winter, turning brown until spring when it regains its lush green color.

To ensure successful establishment of buffalo grass, it’s crucial to prepare the soil properly before planting. This involves loosening the soil to a depth of 6 to 8 inches, removing debris and rocks, and enriching it with compost or fertilizer. Once the soil is ready, you can spread the seeds or sod and water the area regularly until the grass is well established.

It’s also essential to follow proper lawn care practices to keep your buffalo grass healthy and lush. This includes mowing the lawn to a height of 2 to 3 inches, watering it deeply but infrequently, and fertilizing it sparingly in spring and summer. Avoid overwatering and over-fertilizing, which can lead to thatch buildup and weak root growth.

Choosing Buffalo Grass Varieties

When it comes to choosing the right buffalo grass variety for your lawn, there are a few factors to consider. Each variety has its unique characteristics, including color, texture, and growth habits. The following are some of the most popular buffalo grass varieties to consider:

Buffalo Grass VarietyCharacteristics
BisonA dark green color and a fine texture; grows well in full sun and requires little maintenance.
LegacyAn attractive blue-green color and a soft texture; requires low water and fertilizer input.
PrestigeA dark green color and a medium-fine texture; suitable for high-traffic areas and requires moderate maintenance.

Ultimately, the best buffalo grass variety for your lawn will depend on your location, soil type, sun exposure, and other environmental factors. Consult with your local lawn and garden center to determine which variety is best suited for your specific needs.

Buffalo Grass vs. Other Lawn Grasses

When it comes to choosing the right grass for your lawn, buffalo grass is just one of several options available. Other popular lawn grasses include Kentucky bluegrass, Bermuda grass, and zoysia grass. Each type of grass has its unique advantages and disadvantages, which can make selecting the right one a difficult decision.

One of the primary benefits of buffalo grass is that it requires less maintenance than many other lawn grass varieties, making it an ideal choice for homeowners looking for a low-maintenance lawn option. Buffalo grass is also more drought-tolerant, making it an excellent choice for those living in hot and arid regions.

Compared to Kentucky bluegrass, buffalo grass is a more eco-friendly option, as it requires less water and fertilizer to thrive. It is also more resistant to pests and disease, which can help to reduce the need for harsh chemicals.

Bermuda grass and zoysia grass are both highly durable and can withstand heavy foot traffic, making them popular choices for athletic fields and other high-traffic areas. However, both varieties require more maintenance than buffalo grass to keep them looking their best.

Ultimately, the choice between buffalo grass and other lawn grasses will depend on a variety of factors, including climate, soil type, and personal preferences. For homeowners looking for a low-maintenance, drought-resistant lawn option, buffalo grass may be the perfect choice.

Choose Buffalo Grass for a Beautiful, Easy-to-Maintain Lawn

Overall, buffalo grass is an excellent choice for homeowners looking for an attractive, low-maintenance lawn option. By following our care tips and selecting the right variety for your lawn, you can enjoy a lush, green lawn with minimal effort and environmental impact.


In summary, buffalo grass is a popular choice for lawns in the United States. This warm-season grass is known for its unique characteristics, including its drought tolerance, pest and disease resistance, and low maintenance requirements.

While there are some potential drawbacks to planting buffalo grass, such as slower growth and limited shade tolerance, these concerns can be mitigated through proper care and maintenance.

We recommend following our care tips for maintaining a healthy buffalo grass lawn, such as mowing at the proper height, providing adequate water, and fertilizing appropriately. In addition, it’s important to select the right buffalo grass variety for your lawn conditions.

Compared to other lawn grasses, buffalo grass is a great option for those seeking a low-maintenance, environmentally friendly lawn. Its natural resistance to pests and disease reduces the need for harmful chemicals, and its reduced water requirements make it a cost-effective and sustainable choice.


What is buffalo grass?

Buffalo grass is a type of grass that is native to the United States. It is known for its unique characteristics that make it suitable for lawns, including its drought tolerance and low maintenance requirements.

Why is buffalo grass a popular choice for lawns in the United States?

Buffalo grass is popular for several reasons. It requires less water than other grass varieties, making it a more environmentally friendly option. It also has natural resistance to pests and diseases, reducing the need for chemical treatments. Additionally, buffalo grass has a soft texture and attractive appearance that many homeowners find appealing.

What are the pros of buffalo grass?

Buffalo grass has several advantages as a lawn grass. It requires less mowing and watering compared to other grasses, saving time and resources. It can tolerate heat and drought conditions, making it a resilient choice for areas with limited water availability. Buffalo grass is also naturally resistant to pests and diseases, reducing the need for chemical treatments. Overall, it offers a cost-effective and environmentally friendly option for homeowners.

What are the cons of buffalo grass?

While buffalo grass has many benefits, it also has some drawbacks. It has a slower growth rate compared to other grass varieties, which means it may take longer to establish a lush lawn. Buffalo grass is also less tolerant of shade, so it may not thrive in areas with lots of trees or buildings casting shadows. Additionally, buffalo grass has a tendency to spread aggressively, which can become a challenge if not properly maintained.

How do I care for buffalo grass?

Caring for buffalo grass involves several key steps. It is important to mow at the right height, typically around 3 inches, to promote healthy growth and prevent weed invasion. Watering should be done deeply and infrequently, allowing the soil to dry out between waterings. Fertilization should be done sparingly, as buffalo grass has lower nutrient requirements compared to other grasses. Lastly, weed control is important to maintain a healthy buffalo grass lawn.

What are the growth requirements of buffalo grass?

Buffalo grass thrives in full sunlight and prefers well-draining soil. It is drought-tolerant and can withstand hot temperatures. Proper soil preparation and planting techniques are key to successful establishment and growth of buffalo grass.

What are the different varieties of buffalo grass?

There are several varieties of buffalo grass available in the market, each with its own characteristics. Some popular varieties include ‘Bison’, ‘Prairie’, and ‘Stampede’. These varieties differ in color, texture, and growth habit, allowing homeowners to choose the one that best suits their preferences and lawn conditions.

How does buffalo grass compare to other lawn grasses?

Buffalo grass has its unique features that set it apart from other grass varieties. Compared to Kentucky bluegrass, Bermuda grass, and zoysia grass, buffalo grass requires less water, has lower maintenance needs, and offers better heat and drought tolerance. It may be a better choice for homeowners looking for a low-maintenance, environmentally friendly lawn option.

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