Discover Different Types of Cordyline Plants

Types of Cordyline Plant
13 min reading time

Welcome to our comprehensive guide that will explore different types of Cordyline plants. Whether you’re a beginner or an experienced gardener, this guide will provide valuable insights into the various Cordyline plant varieties available.

Cordyline plants are a genus of tropical plants that come in different shapes, sizes, and colors. These plants can add a touch of beauty to any outdoor or indoor space, making them a popular choice among gardeners. By the end of this guide, you’ll have a better understanding of Cordyline plant classification, care tips, ideal growing conditions, and much more.

Core Findings:

  • There are different types of Cordyline plants that come in various colors, shapes, and sizes.
  • Cordyline plant varieties can add a touch of beauty to any outdoor or indoor space.
  • This comprehensive guide will provide valuable insights into Cordyline plant classification, care tips, and much more.
  • Whether you’re a beginner or an experienced gardener, this guide is for you.
  • By the end of this guide, you’ll have the knowledge to select, grow, and maintain these stunning plants in your garden.

Understanding Cordyline Plant Classification

Before exploring the various types of Cordyline plants, it’s important to have a basic understanding of their classification. Cordyline belongs to the family Asparagaceae and the subfamily Lomandroideae.

Cordyline was originally classified as part of the lily family, Liliaceae, but has since been reclassified due to scientific discoveries.

There are around 15 species of Cordyline, and they are native to the western Pacific Ocean region, from New Zealand and eastern Australia to Hawaii. The most common species are Cordyline fruticosa, Cordyline australis, and Cordyline banksii.

These species are further classified into two main groups based on their growth habits: woody and non-woody. Woody Cordyline plants typically have a single, trunk-like stem, while non-woody Cordyline plants have multiple stems or a rosette-like growth habit.

Cordyline Plant Species

Here is a list of the most common Cordyline plant species:

Species NameDescription
Cordyline australisA woody plant with long, sword-shaped leaves that can reach up to 3 meters in length. The leaves are green or reddish-purple and have a prominent midrib. Cordyline australis produces white or cream-colored flowers in summer.
Cordyline fruticosaAlso known as the ti plant, Cordyline fruticosa is a non-woody plant with multiple stems and narrow, pointed leaves that come in a variety of colors, including green, pink, and red. It produces fragrant, white or yellow flowers in the summer.
Cordyline banksiiA non-woody plant with narrow, pointed leaves that are green or yellow-green. Cordyline banksii produces white or cream-colored flowers in summer and is native to eastern Australia and New Guinea.

Other less common Cordyline species include Cordyline indivisa, Cordyline obtecta, and Cordyline stricta.

Now that you have a basic understanding of Cordyline plant classification and the different species that exist, you’re ready to explore the various types of Cordyline plants available.

Types of Cordyline Plants: Popular Cordyline Varieties

There are several popular varieties of Cordyline plants that are beloved for their unique colors and patterns. In this section, we’ll introduce you to some of the most popular Cordyline varieties and provide you with valuable insights into their specific characteristics.

Red Sister Cordyline

The Red Sister Cordyline is a favorite among gardeners for its bright and vibrant foliage. Its leaves are a mix of pink, red, and maroon colors, making it a stunning addition to any garden. This variety can reach up to 6 feet tall and prefers partial shade to full sun.

Kiwi Cordyline

The Kiwi Cordyline is known for its unique color pattern, boasting shades of pink, green, and bronze. It’s a relatively small Cordyline variety, growing up to 3 feet tall, making it perfect for small gardens or indoor spaces. The Kiwi Cordyline prefers full sun to partial shade and well-draining soil.

Pink Diamond Cordyline

As its name suggests, the Pink Diamond Cordyline is a pink-colored variety that adds a touch of elegance and femininity to any garden. Its leaves are long and thin, and it can reach up to 10 feet tall. The Pink Diamond Cordyline prefers full sun to partial shade and needs well-draining soil.

Electric Pink Cordyline

If you’re looking for a Cordyline variety that pops, the Electric Pink Cordyline is the one for you. This variety has bold pink leaves with a darker pink stripe down the center, making it a popular choice for adding a burst of color to any garden. The Electric Pink Cordyline prefers full sun to partial shade and well-draining soil.

Chocolate Queen Cordyline

The Chocolate Queen Cordyline is known for its dark and rich color, resembling the color of chocolate. Its leaves are long and thin with a bronze tint, making it a unique variety perfect for adding depth to your garden. The Chocolate Queen Cordyline prefers full sun to partial shade and well-draining soil.

Red Sister CordylineUp to 6 feetPink, red, maroonPartial shade to full sunWell-draining
Kiwi CordylineUp to 3 feetPink, green, bronzeFull sun to partial shadeWell-draining
Pink Diamond CordylineUp to 10 feetPinkFull sun to partial shadeWell-draining
Electric Pink CordylineUp to 6 feetBold pink with a darker stripeFull sun to partial shadeWell-draining
Chocolate Queen CordylineUp to 10 feetBronze with a chocolate tintFull sun to partial shadeWell-draining

As you can see, there are several popular Cordyline varieties to choose from, each with its own unique characteristics. Whether you’re looking to add a burst of color to your garden or want a low-maintenance indoor plant, there’s a Cordyline variety that will suit your needs.

Care Tips for Cordyline Plants

Cordyline plants are relatively low-maintenance, but they do require specific care to thrive. Here are some essential care tips to keep your Cordyline plants healthy:

  • Watering: Cordyline plants need consistent moisture, but they don’t like to be waterlogged. Be sure to let the soil dry partially between watering to avoid root rot. During the hot summer months, you may need to water your Cordyline plants more frequently.
  • Fertilizing: Feed your Cordyline plants with a balanced, slow-release fertilizer in the spring and summer. Avoid over-fertilizing, which can cause leaf burn.
  • Pruning: Prune any dead or yellowing leaves regularly to encourage new growth. You can also remove the top of the plant to promote branching.
  • Light: Cordyline plants prefer bright, indirect sunlight. They can also tolerate some shade, but too much shade can cause them to lose their vibrant colors.
  • Temperature: Cordyline plants prefer warm temperatures and are not frost-tolerant. Keep them away from drafty areas and make sure they’re not exposed to temperatures below 55°F.
  • Soil: Cordyline plants prefer well-draining soil that’s rich in organic matter. You can also add perlite or sand to improve drainage.

By following these care tips, your Cordyline plants will thrive and add a touch of vibrancy to your garden.

Propagating Cordyline Plants – A Guide

Types of Cordyline Plant

One of the most exciting aspects of growing Cordyline plants is the ability to propagate them and expand your collection. There are a few different methods you can use to propagate Cordyline plants, including stem cuttings and division.

Stem Cuttings

Propagating Cordyline plants through stem cuttings is a relatively simple process that can result in new, healthy plants. Here’s what you’ll need to do:

  1. Select a healthy stem from your Cordyline plant. It should have at least two leaves attached.
  2. Cut the stem at an angle using a sharp, sterilized blade.
  3. Remove the lower leaves from the stem, leaving just a few at the top.
  4. Place the stem cutting in a glass of water or a container of moist soilless mix.
  5. Keep the container in a bright, warm location and mist the cutting regularly to keep it moist.
  6. After a few weeks, you should see new roots forming and the cutting should start to grow new leaves. Once the plant is established, you can transplant it into a pot or directly into your garden.


Dividing a mature Cordyline plant is another way to create new plants. Here’s how to do it:

  1. Dig up the mature Cordyline plant and gently separate the root ball into smaller sections.
  2. Make sure each section has a portion of the plant’s crown and a good root system.
  3. Plant each section in a pot or directly into your garden, making sure the soil is moist and well-draining.
  4. Water the newly planted sections regularly and keep them in a bright, warm location.
  5. After a few weeks, the new plants should start to grow and establish themselves.

Whether you’re propagating Cordyline plants through stem cuttings or division, it’s essential to keep the plants moist and in a bright location. With a little patience and care, you can expand your Cordyline collection and enjoy these beautiful plants for years to come.

Ideal Growing Conditions for Cordyline Plants

Cordyline plants are native to tropical regions, and as such, replicating their natural environment is essential for their growth and development. Here are some ideal growing conditions to keep in mind when cultivating different types of Cordyline plants:

Cordyline Plant TypeIdeal Growing Conditions
Green Cordyline
  • Full sun to partial shade
  • Rich, well-draining soil
  • Consistent moisture
  • Humid environment
Red Cordyline
  • Full sun to partial shade
  • Rich, well-draining soil
  • Consistent moisture
  • Warm, humid environment
  • Protect from frost
Black Cordyline
  • Full sun to partial shade
  • Well-draining soil
  • Consistent moisture
  • Humid environment
  • Protect from harsh sun and frost
Purple Cordyline
  • Full sun to partial shade
  • Well-draining soil
  • Consistent moisture
  • Warm, humid environment
  • Protect from frost

It’s important to note that Cordyline plants can be sensitive to extreme temperatures, so it’s best to keep them in a location with consistent temperatures and sheltered from harsh wind and sun. Additionally, avoid letting the soil dry out completely as Cordyline plants prefer consistently moist soil.

By providing your Cordyline plants with these ideal growing conditions, you’ll be well on your way to cultivating healthy, thriving plants that will enhance the beauty of your garden or indoor space.

Cordyline Varieties for Indoor Spaces

If you’re looking to add some greenery to your indoor space, Cordyline plants are an excellent choice. Not only do they have unique and colorful foliage, but they’re also relatively easy to care for. Here are some of the most popular Cordyline varieties for indoor environments:

VarietyCommon NameDescription
Cordyline fruticosaHawaiian Ti PlantThis variety has glossy, dark green leaves and is known for its air-purifying qualities.
Cordyline australisTi KoukaAlso known as the Cabbage Tree, this variety has long, narrow leaves that are green or variegated.
Cordyline terminalisRed SisterThis variety has striking burgundy foliage that adds a pop of color to any indoor space.

When growing Cordyline plants indoors, it’s essential to place them in a location with bright, indirect light. They also prefer well-draining soil and should be watered when the top inch of soil feels dry.

Keep in mind that Cordyline plants may grow more slowly indoors compared to outdoor environments, so don’t expect rapid growth. However, with proper care, they can thrive and add a touch of nature to your home or office space.

Common Issues and Troubleshooting

While Cordyline plants are generally hardy and easy to care for, they can face certain issues. Here are some common problems that may arise when growing different types of Cordyline plants and some troubleshooting tips to help overcome them:


Cordyline plants can fall victim to a range of pests, including aphids, spider mites, and mealybugs. Keep an eye out for any signs of infestation, such as sticky residue or curled leaves. To combat these pests, a natural solution of water and dish soap can be sprayed onto the leaves of the plant, taking care to rinse the leaves afterward.


Root rot is a common disease that affects Cordyline plants, often caused by overwatering or poorly drained soil. To prevent root rot, make sure the soil is well-draining and only water the plant when the top inch of soil is dry to the touch. Fungal leaf spots can also occur in humid or wet conditions and can be treated with a fungicide spray.

Yellowing Leaves

If the leaves of your Cordyline plant are turning yellow, this may be an indication of too much or too little water. Check the soil moisture levels and adjust your watering schedule accordingly. Another possible cause could be a lack of sunlight, so ensure your plant is in a well-lit area.

Wilting Leaves

Wilting leaves are often a sign of underwatering or root damage. Check the soil moisture levels and ensure the plant is not sitting in standing water. If the roots are damaged, the plant may need to be repotted in fresh soil.

Brown Leaf Tips

Brown leaf tips can be caused by a lack of humidity and can be treated by misting the leaves with water or moving the plant to a more humid location. Over-fertilization can also cause brown leaf tips, so make sure to follow the recommended fertilizer guidelines for your specific Cordyline plant.

By keeping an eye out for these common issues and taking preventive measures, you can help ensure your Cordyline plants stay healthy and vibrant.


And there you have it – your complete guide to Cordyline plant types and varieties! We hope this resource has helped you better understand the classification of these plants, as well as provide you with valuable information on popular varieties and care tips for optimal growth.

Remember to take into consideration the ideal growing conditions for your particular Cordyline plant type, and don’t hesitate to refer to this guide for troubleshooting tips if any issues arise. With this knowledge, you’ll be well-equipped to cultivate a vibrant and beautiful garden filled with these stunning plants.


What are the different types of Cordyline plants?

Cordyline plants come in various types, including Cordyline fruticosa, Cordyline terminalis, and Cordyline australis, among others.

How do I classify Cordyline plants?

Cordyline plants are classified based on their species, which include Cordyline fruticosa, Cordyline terminalis, Cordyline australis, and more.

What are some popular Cordyline varieties?

Popular Cordyline varieties include Cordyline Red Sister, Cordyline Pink Diamond, and Cordyline Kiwi, each with its unique characteristics and aesthetic appeal.

How should I care for Cordyline plants?

Cordyline plants require well-draining soil, regular watering, and partial shade to thrive. They also benefit from occasional fertilization and protection from extreme temperatures.

How can I propagate Cordyline plants?

Cordyline plants can be propagated through stem cuttings, seeds, or division. Each method has its own steps and considerations for successful propagation.

What are the ideal growing conditions for Cordyline plants?

Cordyline plants prefer a warm and humid climate with moderate sunlight. They thrive in well-draining soil rich in organic matter and benefit from regular watering.

Can I grow Cordyline plants indoors?

Yes, certain Cordyline varieties, such as Cordyline fruticosa, are suitable for indoor cultivation. They require bright indirect light and regular care to thrive indoors.

What are common issues that Cordyline plants may face?

Cordyline plants can be susceptible to pests like mealybugs and spider mites. They may also experience issues such as root rot or leaf discoloration if their care requirements are not met.

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