How to Protect Your Food from Freezer Burn

How to Protect Your Food from Freezer Burn
4 min reading time

Freezing food has become an integral part of our modern lifestyle. It allows us to preserve food for prolonged periods, ensuring we always have something to eat on hand. However, when stored improperly, frozen items can suffer from what is known as ‘freezer burn.’ If you’ve ever noticed those ice crystals on your frozen chicken or that slightly off-taste, you’ve encountered freezer burn. But what exactly is it, and how can you prevent it? This article dives deep into understanding how to protect your food from freezer burn.

Understanding Freezer Burn

At its core, freezer burn is a condition that occurs when food gets damaged by dehydration and oxidation due to air reaching the food. When the moisture in the outer layers of the food evaporates into the cold freezer air, it leaves behind dry pockets in the food’s structure. This is why freezer-burned food often looks dry, shriveled, or discolored.

The science behind this is pretty straightforward. When food is frozen, the water molecules within it form ice crystals. If the food is not sealed properly, these ice crystals move to the surface and then evaporate into the freezer air, a process called sublimation. This loss of moisture causes the food to become dehydrated over time.

Moreover, when the food comes into contact with air, oxidation can occur. Oxidation can lead to changes in the food’s flavor, color, and smell. This is particularly noticeable in items with high-fat content, like chicken. A freezer-burned piece of chicken might appear whitish or have grayish-brown dry spots and might have an off or stale taste.

Steps to Prevent Freezer Burn and Ensure Freshness

  1. Proper Packaging: The key to preventing freezer burn is to reduce the food’s exposure to air. Use airtight containers, heavy-duty freezer bags, or vacuum-sealed bags. When using freezer bags, press out as much air as possible before sealing them.
  2. Wrap Tightly: If you’re storing large pieces of chicken like whole birds or large cuts, consider wrapping them in aluminum foil or plastic wrap before placing them in a freezer bag. This adds an extra layer of protection against the cold air.
  3. Use Vacuum Sealers: These are machines that suck out all the air from a bag before sealing it. This ensures that there’s minimal air inside the package, reducing the chance of freezer burn considerably.
  4. Label Everything: It’s easy to forget how long something has been in the freezer. Always label your packages with the date of freezing. This way, you can ensure that you’re consuming foods while they’re still at their best. As a rule of thumb, whole frozen chicken should be consumed within a year, while chicken pieces are best consumed within six months.
  5. Maintain the Right Freezer Temperature: Your freezer should always be set to 0°F (-18°C) or lower. This ensures that the food freezes quickly, preventing the formation of large ice crystals which can lead to freezer burn.
  6. Avoid Temperature Fluctuations: Frequently opening the freezer door or placing large amounts of unfrozen items into the freezer can lead to temperature fluctuations. This causes the ice crystals in the food to melt and refreeze, leading to freezer burn.
  7. Consume Older Items First: Adopt a ‘first in, first out’ approach. Use items that have been in the freezer the longest before newer ones to reduce the likelihood of freezer burn setting in.
  8. Regularly Check and Organize the Freezer: Overpacked freezers can impede proper air circulation. Ensure there’s enough space in the freezer for air to circulate and that the freezer isn’t overfilled.


Freezer burn doesn’t make your chicken unsafe to eat, but it does compromise its texture and flavor. With the right storage techniques, you can ensure that your frozen chicken retains its freshness, taste, and nutritional value. So, next time you’re about to store your chicken in the freezer, remember these steps to protect it from the icy grasp of freezer burn. A little attention to detail now can save you from a bland or unpleasant meal later.

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