How to Propagate Spider Plant Easily at Home: Master Guide

how to propagate spider plant: a guide
13 min reading time

If you’re looking to add some greenery to your indoor space, spider plants are an excellent option. Not only are they low-maintenance and visually appealing, but they also have air-purifying qualities. In this article, we will dive into the world of spider plant propagation and provide you with step-by-step guides on how to propagate spider plant both in water and soil.

Key Takeaways

  • Spider plants are a great addition to any indoor garden
  • Propagation allows you to multiply your spider plant collection with ease
  • Propagation can be done in water or soil

Understanding Spider Plant Propagation Methods

Spider plants are incredibly easy to propagate, and there are two primary methods to choose from: water propagation and soil propagation.

Spider Plant Propagation in Water

Water propagation is a simple and effective method for propagating spider plants. To propagate a spider plant in water, follow these steps:

  1. Take a healthy spider plant and cut off one of the plantlets at the base of the stem.
  2. Fill a jar or vase with room temperature water and place the plantlet in the water, ensuring that the base is submerged.
  3. Change the water every few days or when it becomes cloudy. This will help to prevent the growth of bacteria that could harm the plantlet.
  4. Within a few weeks, the plantlet will begin to develop roots. Once the roots are several inches long, you can transfer the spider plant to soil.

Spider Plant Propagation in Soil

Soil propagation is another easy method for propagating spider plants. To propagate a spider plant in soil, follow these steps:

  1. Take a healthy spider plant and cut off one of the plantlets at the base of the stem.
  2. Prepare a pot with a well-draining soil mix. A mix of perlite, peat moss, and sand is an excellent choice.
  3. Make a hole in the soil and insert the plantlet, ensuring that the base is covered with soil.
  4. Water the plantlet and soil lightly and keep the soil moist but not waterlogged.
  5. Within a few weeks, the plantlet will begin to develop roots and grow. Once the plant is established, you can transfer it to a larger pot if desired.

Both water and soil propagation methods are relatively easy and yield excellent results. Choose the method that works best for you and enjoy growing your beautiful spider plant collection.

How to Propagate Spider Plant: Gather the Necessary Supplies

Before embarking on spider plant propagation, it is essential to have the necessary supplies ready. This will ensure that the process runs smoothly and that the mother plant and the babies remain healthy. Here are the supplies you’ll need:

Clean scissors or pruning shearsSharp scissors or pruning shears to cut the spider plantlets and the mother plant.
Small container with water or soilFor water propagation, you’ll need a small container filled with water. For soil propagation, use a container with a well-draining soil mix.
Optional rooting hormoneA rooting hormone can speed up the rooting process, but it is not necessary.
Mist spray bottleThis is optional but helpful for maintaining humidity levels around the baby spider plants.
General spider plant care suppliesSpider plants require bright but indirect sunlight, watering once a week, and occasional fertilization with a balanced fertilizer. Ensure that you have the necessary supplies to care for both the mother plant and the baby spider plantlets.

Once you have all the necessary supplies, it’s time to prepare the spider plant for propagation. Here are some tips to follow:

  1. Choose a healthy mother plant with at least two or three spider plantlets that are large enough to be cut.
  2. Ensure that the mother plant is well-watered and healthy before taking cuttings.
  3. Identify the spider plantlets at the base of the mother plant and gently remove them using clean scissors or pruning shears.
  4. For water propagation, remove any spider plant leaves that may touch the water surface to prevent rotting. For soil propagation, trim the bottom of the spider plant cutting and remove any leaves that will sit below the soil line.
  5. If using a rooting hormone, dip the cut end of the spider plant cutting into the hormone powder before placing it in water or soil.

By following these tips and gathering the necessary supplies, you’ll be well on your way to successful spider plant propagation.

Water Propagation Step-by-Step Guide

how to propagate spider plant: a guide

Propagating spider plants in water is a popular and straightforward method that yields excellent results. Here is a step-by-step guide:

  1. Choose a healthy spider plant with mature spiderettes growing from the mother plant.
  2. Cut off the spiderettes from the mother plant using a sharp and clean knife or scissors. Make sure to cut as close to the base of the baby plant as possible.
  3. Fill a container with distilled water or rainwater. The container should be deep enough to submerge the cuttings fully. Avoid using tap water as it contains chlorine and other chemicals that can harm the plant cuttings.
  4. Place the spider plant cuttings in the water, making sure to keep the leaves above the waterline.
  5. Put the container in a bright location, avoiding direct sunlight, which can scorch the leaves. Regularly change the water every week to keep it fresh.
  6. Within two to three weeks, the spider plant cuttings will start to develop roots. Once the roots are at least an inch long, you can transplant the cuttings into soil.
  7. Carefully remove the cuttings from the water, taking care not to damage the roots that have formed.
  8. Plant the cuttings in a well-draining potting mix, ensuring that the soil is damp but not waterlogged. Keep the soil moist as the plant establishes itself.
  9. Provide the young plant with bright, indirect light and protect it from drafts. Over time, your spider plant will begin to grow and produce spiderettes of its own.

Water propagation is an excellent method for propagating spider plants, especially for beginners. It is a low-maintenance process, and you can quickly tell when the cuttings have produced roots and are ready to be transplanted.


After your spider plant cuttings root, consider fertilizing the soil with a balanced fertilizer to encourage their growth.

Overall, propagating spider plants in water is a simple yet effective way to expand your plant collection. Keep in mind that while spider plants are hardy and adaptable, they still require proper care and attention to thrive. With a little patience and dedication, you can successfully propagate spider plants and enjoy their lush foliage in your home.

Soil Propagation Step-by-Step Guide

Propagating spider plants in soil is an excellent method for those who prefer a more natural approach to plant propagation. It is also easy and straightforward. Here’s how to do it:

What You Will Need

Spider plant cuttingsTake 2 to 3 cuttings from the mother plant, each with at least three leaves, and trim the ends.
Soil mixUse a well-draining soil mix, such as a mixture of potting soil, sand, and perlite.
ContainersSelect a container with drainage holes and enough room to accommodate the plants, ensuring that it is clean and sanitized.
WaterUse room temperature water to avoid shocking the plantlets.

Steps to Follow

  1. Fill the container with soil mix, leaving enough space for the cuttings.
  2. Make small holes in the soil with your finger or a pencil, about 1.5 inches deep.
  3. Place the cuttings in the holes and gently firm the soil around them.
  4. Water the soil until it is moist, but not waterlogged.
  5. Cover the container with a plastic bag or a glass jar to create a mini greenhouse. This will help retain moisture and promote rooting.
  6. Place the container in a warm location with bright, indirect light. Avoid exposing the spider plantlets to direct sunlight.
  7. Check the soil regularly and water when it starts to dry out. Avoid overwatering, as this can cause root rot.
  8. After 2-3 weeks, gently tug on the spider plantlets to see if they have rooted. If you feel resistance, the plants have rooted successfully.
  9. Remove the plastic bag or glass jar and continue to care for the spider plant babies as you would with a mature spider plant.

Propagating spider plants in soil is a simple and rewarding process that can be done by gardeners of all skill levels. With the right amount of care and attention, you can enjoy a flourishing spider plant collection in no time.

Caring for Spider Plant Babies

Once your spider plant cuttings have developed roots and have started growing, it’s important to ensure you’re providing proper care for your spider plant babies.

  • Watering: Spider plants prefer to dry out between watering, so be sure not to overwater them. Allow the top inch of soil to dry out before watering, and make sure the soil is well-draining.
  • Light Requirements: Spider plants thrive in bright, indirect light. They can also tolerate low light conditions but may not produce as many spider plant babies in these conditions.
  • Fertilization: Fertilize your spider plant babies once a month during the growing season (spring and summer) with a diluted liquid fertilizer. Be sure to follow the instructions on the fertilizer label.
  • Potting: Once your spider plant babies have outgrown their current container, it’s time to repot them. Choose a container that is one to two inches larger in diameter than the current container and has drainage holes. Use a well-draining soil mix and be sure not to bury the plant too deeply.
  • Common Issues: Spider plant babies are generally easy to care for, but issues such as pests, root rot, and wilting can occur. Watch for signs of these issues and take action promptly to prevent further damage.

With proper care, your spider plant babies will continue to thrive and produce more spider plant babies, adding a beautiful touch to your indoor garden.

Troubleshooting Common Spider Plant Propagation Issues

While propagating spider plants is generally a straightforward process, there are a few common issues that may arise. Here are some troubleshooting tips to help you overcome potential challenges:

Root Rot

One of the most common issues during spider plant propagation is root rot. This can occur when the cuttings are left in water for too long, causing the roots to become mushy and fall off. To avoid root rot, make sure to change the water frequently and only leave the cuttings in water until they have developed roots.


Spider plants can be susceptible to pests such as spider mites and mealybugs. To prevent infestations, regularly check your plants for signs of pests and remove any affected leaves or plantlets. If the infestation is severe, consider using an organic insecticide.


If your spider plant cuttings are wilting or drooping, it may be a sign of underwatering or overwatering. Make sure to provide the cuttings with enough water but avoid overwatering, which can lead to root rot. Additionally, make sure the cuttings are not placed in direct sunlight, as this can cause wilting.

By following these tips, you can overcome common propagation issues and ensure the success of your spider plant propagation journey. Remember to regularly check your plants for any signs of issues and adjust their care as needed.

Showcasing Your Thriving Spider Plant Collection

Once you’ve successfully propagated your spider plant babies, it’s time to think about displaying them in your home. These versatile plants can be incorporated into a variety of decorative settings, making them a great addition to any indoor garden.

If you’re short on space, spider plants can thrive in hanging baskets or wall planters. Their long, thin leaves and delicate flower stems make for an eye-catching display, cascading down from above. Alternatively, potted spider plants can be grouped together on a windowsill or side table to create a lush and vibrant focal point for any room.

When it comes to taking care of your spider plants, it’s important to avoid direct sunlight and overwatering. They prefer bright, indirect light and can tolerate some drought, so be sure to let the soil dry out between waterings. Use a well-draining potting mix, and fertilize your plants every few months to encourage healthy growth.

If you’re feeling creative, you can even experiment with different pot shapes and materials to showcase your spider plants. Try planting them in unique containers such as teacups, mason jars, or even old boots for an eclectic and personalized touch.

Remember, spider plants are low-maintenance and forgiving, so don’t be afraid to get creative and have fun with your display ideas!

Expanding Your Propagation Skills to Other Plants

Now that you’ve mastered the art of propagating spider plants, why not expand your skills to other plants? Many common indoor plants can be propagated in similar ways, making it easy to expand your collection without having to spend a lot of money on new plants.

Some popular plants that can be propagated include pothos, philodendrons, and African violets. Each plant may require slightly different methods, so be sure to do your research beforehand to ensure success.

Remember, propagating plants is not only a great way to expand your collection, but it’s also a fun and rewarding hobby. Don’t be afraid to experiment and try new things. Who knows, you may even discover a new favorite plant!


Congratulations on learning how to propagate spider plants at home! You are now equipped with the knowledge and skills to propagate spider plants using either the water or soil method. Remember to use the right tools and follow the proper steps.

Propagating spider plants is not only an enjoyable hobby, but it also has many benefits. You can create a beautiful indoor garden or share your propagated plants with friends and family. Additionally, propagating spider plants is an affordable way to expand your plant collection.


When is the best time to propagate spider plants?

Spider plants can be propagated at any time during the year, but it is generally recommended to do it during spring or summer when the plant is actively growing.

How many babies can a spider plant produce?

Spider plants are known for producing multiple babies, or plantlets, from their long arching stems. They can produce anywhere from a few to over a dozen babies.

What is the best method to encourage faster growth in spider plantlets?

To encourage faster growth in spider plantlets, make sure they receive an adequate amount of bright, indirect light, and keep the soil consistently moist but not oversaturated.

Can spider plants be propagated in water and soil?

Yes, spider plants can be successfully propagated both in water and soil. Water propagation involves placing the cuttings in a container filled with water until they develop roots, while soil propagation requires planting the cuttings directly into a well-draining potting mix.

How often should I water spider plant babies?

Spider plant babies should be watered when the top inch of the soil feels dry to the touch. It’s important not to overwater them, as this can lead to root rot. Allow the soil to dry out slightly between waterings.

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