How to Grow Celery at Home: Unleash Your Green Thumb

How to Grow Celery
14 min reading time

Welcome to our comprehensive guide on celery growing! Whether you’re a seasoned pro or new to gardening, this guide will have all the information you need on how to grow celery in your own backyard. We’ll cover everything from understanding the requirements of celery plants to fertilization, pest control, and harvesting your crop. By following our best practices for growing celery, you’ll be able to enjoy the satisfaction of growing your own produce.

Understanding Celery Growing Requirements

Before you start growing celery, it’s important to know the plant’s requirements. Celery is a cool-weather crop that needs temperatures between 60°F and 70°F to grow properly. It also needs about six hours of sunlight per day.

The soil you use for growing celery should be rich in organic matter and well-draining. The pH level should be between 6.0 and 7.0, and the soil should be consistently moist, but not overly wet.

When it comes to planting celery, it’s important to remember that it is a slow-growing plant. It can take two to three months from planting to harvesting, so patience is key.

Choosing the Right Location

Before planting celery, choose a location that receives partial sunlight. Celery needs sufficient sunlight, but too much direct sunlight can cause the plant to wilt. Also, make sure the location you choose has well-draining soil to prevent waterlogging, which can lead to root rot.

Planting Celery

When planting celery, you have two options: planting seeds directly in the soil or starting the seeds indoors and then transplanting them outside. If you choose to plant seeds directly in the soil, make sure the soil temperature is between 60°F and 70°F.

If you choose to start seeds indoors, sow them six to eight weeks before the last frost. Keep the soil temperature between 70°F and 75°F to ensure successful germination. When the seedlings are about two inches tall, transplant them outside.

Celery Watering Tips

Celery needs consistent, even watering to grow properly. Water the plants deeply but infrequently, and avoid getting water on the leaves. Overhead watering can lead to disease and fungal growth. It’s also crucial to keep the soil evenly moist, as dry soil can cause the celery to become bitter.

Celery Nutrient Requirements

Celery is a heavy feeder that requires plenty of nutrients to grow. It’s important to fertilize the plants regularly, using a balanced fertilizer that is high in nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. Be sure to follow the manufacturer’s instructions for the best results.

Celery is a delicate plant that requires specific growing conditions. By choosing the right location, soil, and fertilizer, you can ensure a bountiful harvest of healthy, flavorful celery.

Starting Celery from Seeds

Growing celery from seeds is an economical and rewarding way to start your celery crop. Before starting the process, purchase high-quality celery seeds that are suitable for your growing conditions. For best results, it is recommended to start celery seeds indoors about eight weeks before the last expected frost in your area.

Here are the steps to grow celery from seeds:

  1. Fill a seedling tray or pot with a good quality potting mix, making sure that the soil is moist.
  2. Place two to three celery seeds in each cell, and cover them with a thin layer of soil.
  3. Water the soil gently, and cover the tray with a plastic lid or wrap to retain moisture.
  4. Put the tray in a warm (70 to 75°F), bright location, such as near a sunny window or under grow lights.
  5. Check the soil daily and water as needed to keep it uniformly moist, but not waterlogged.
  6. After about two weeks, the celery seeds should start to germinate.
  7. As soon as the seedlings have developed true leaves (the second set of leaves), thin them to one per cell, choosing the strongest and healthiest seedling.
  8. Continue to care for the seedlings by keeping the soil moist and providing them with adequate light.
  9. When the seedlings reach 3-4 inches in height, they are ready to be transplanted into your garden.

Remember to harden off your seedlings before transplanting them by gradually exposing them to outdoor conditions over the course of a week. This helps to prevent transplant shock and increase the chances of successful growth.

With these tips and techniques, you can successfully start your celery crop from seeds. Keep reading the next section to learn more about transplanting your seedlings and cultivating healthy, bountiful celery plants.

Transplanting Celery Seedlings

Once your celery seedlings have grown to be around 2-3 inches tall and have developed a few leaves, it’s time to transplant them into your garden bed. This typically happens 4-6 weeks after sowing the seeds.

Before transplanting, prepare your garden bed by clearing any weeds or debris and adding compost or organic matter to the soil. Celery requires rich, well-draining soil with a pH level between 6.0 and 7.0.

Space the seedlings about 6-8 inches apart, and make holes in the soil that are deep enough to accommodate the root balls of the seedlings. Carefully lift the seedlings from their containers, being sure not to damage the roots, and place them in the holes. Fill in any gaps with soil and gently firm the soil around the seedlings.

Water the newly transplanted celery seedlings thoroughly, and continue to water regularly to keep the soil evenly moist. Celery requires about 1-2 inches of water per week, either from rainfall or watering.

As the celery plants grow, be sure to keep the leaves dry to prevent moisture-related issues like fungal diseases. You can also use a thin layer of mulch around each plant to help retain moisture and discourage weed growth.

Celery Cultivation Techniques:

HillingAs the celery plants grow taller, hill soil around the base of each plant to blanch the stalks and improve their flavor. This is done by gradually building up a mound of soil around the base of the plant, leaving only the top of the celery stalk exposed.
ThinningIf you have planted too many seedlings close together, thin the seedlings to allow adequate space for growth and development. Snip the smaller or weaker seedlings at the base, leaving the strongest ones to continue growing.
FertilizationCelery requires regular fertilization to ensure healthy growth and development. Use a balanced fertilizer once a month or apply a slow-release fertilizer at the beginning of the growing season.

By following these celery cultivation techniques, you can help your celery plants thrive and produce a bountiful harvest. Stay vigilant for any signs of pests or diseases, and use organic methods to control them if necessary.

How to Grow Celery at Home: Celery Soil and Fertilization

Soil quality is critical when growing celery. Celery thrives in well-draining soil that is rich in organic matter. Before planting, loosen the soil to a depth of at least 12 inches, removing rocks and debris, and mix in 4-6 inches of compost or other organic matter.

It’s also essential to maintain optimal soil fertility levels. Conduct a soil test to determine pH levels and any nutrient deficiencies. The ideal soil pH level for celery is between 6.0 and 7.0. If your soil is too acidic, add lime to raise the pH level. If it’s too alkaline, add sulfur to lower the pH level.

Celery Fertilization

Celery is a heavy feeder, and it requires regular fertilization throughout the growing season to ensure optimal growth and development. Apply a balanced fertilizer, such as 10-10-10, at a rate of one pound per 100 square feet of garden bed before planting.

When the plants reach a height of six inches, side-dress with nitrogen-rich fertilizer, such as blood meal or fish emulsion. Repeat this application every three weeks throughout the growing season. Avoid over-fertilizing, as this can cause excessive foliage growth and decrease the overall yield.

Watering and Mulching Celery Plants

How to Grow Celery

Adequate watering is crucial for celery plants to thrive. It is recommended to water celery plants deeply once a week, ensuring the soil is evenly moistened. Avoid overwatering as it can lead to root rot.

Mulching is also important for celery plants as it helps retain soil moisture and suppress weed growth. Apply a layer of organic mulch, such as straw or compost, around the base of the plants.

Additionally, it’s important to monitor the moisture level of the soil regularly, especially during dry spells. If the soil feels dry to the touch, it’s time to water.

Be careful not to get water on the leaves or stems of the plants as it can lead to disease development. Water at the base of the plants instead.

Protecting Celery from Pests and Diseases

While celery is a hardy crop, it is still prone to pest infestation and disease. Taking proper care of your celery plants will help minimize the risk of these issues occurring.

Common Pests that Affect Celery

Some common pests that might attack your celery plants include:

AphidsTiny insects that suck sap from the plants, causing the leaves to curl and yellowUse insecticidal soap or neem oil to control the infestation
Celery Leaf TierA small caterpillar that creates a web around the leaves, damaging the plantManually remove the caterpillars and spray the plant with Bacillus thuringiensis (BT) to prevent future infestations
Celery WormA green caterpillar that feeds on the leaves and often goes unnoticed until significant damage is doneManually remove the caterpillars and spray the plant with BT or spinosad to prevent future infestations

Common Celery Diseases

Celery can also be affected by various diseases that can stunt growth and ruin the crop. Common celery diseases include:

  • Bacterial Leaf Blight
  • Septoria Leaf Spot
  • Black Heart
  • Leaf Spot

To prevent these diseases, keep the plants dry and avoid overhead watering. Also, avoid planting celery in the same area for more than one year to prevent soil-borne diseases.

Organic Methods of Control

If you prefer to avoid synthetic pesticides, here are some organic methods of pest and disease control:

  • Handpicking pests off the plants
  • Encouraging beneficial insects like ladybugs and lacewings to prey on pests
  • Planting companion plants like marigolds and garlic that repel pests
  • Applying organic pesticides like neem oil or BT

By following these celery care instructions and implementing these celery crop management techniques, you can keep your plants healthy and thriving even in the face of pests and diseases.

Harvesting and Storing Celery

After months of hard work, your celery is finally ready to harvest! But before you can enjoy your homegrown celery, there are a few essential steps to take to ensure it stays fresh and flavorful.

When to Harvest Celery

The best time to harvest celery is in the morning when the stalks are crisp and full of water. Use a sharp knife or garden shears to cut the stalks at the base of the plant, being careful not to damage the surrounding stems or leaves.

Harvesting should be done gradually: take a few stalks from each plant at a time, allowing the remaining stalks to continue growing. This way, you can enjoy celery throughout the season instead of harvesting it all at once.

Post-Harvest Handling

Once harvested, it’s important to clean the celery thoroughly to remove any dirt or debris. Rinse the stalks under cold water and gently scrub with a vegetable brush if necessary. Allow the celery to air dry for a few minutes or pat dry with a clean towel.

Storage Techniques

Celery can be stored in a few different ways depending on your preference:

  • Refrigerator: Wrap the celery tightly in aluminum foil or plastic wrap and store it in the crisper drawer of your refrigerator. Celery can last up to two weeks in the refrigerator.
  • Freezer: Chop the celery into small pieces and blanch them in boiling water for 3-4 minutes. Drain and dry the celery and store it in an airtight container or freezer bag. Frozen celery can last up to six months.

It’s best to avoid storing celery at room temperature for long periods, as it can quickly wilt and lose its flavor and crispness.

Celery Crop Management

Even after harvesting, proper celery crop management is still important. Remove any remaining plant debris from the garden bed to prevent the spread of diseases or pests to future crops. Consider planting a cover crop or composting the leftover plant material to promote healthy soil fertility for your next planting season.

By following these steps for harvesting and storing your celery, you’ll be able to enjoy the delicious flavors of your homegrown crop long after the harvest season has ended.

Troubleshooting Common Celery Growing Issues

Despite your best efforts, growing celery may present some challenges. Here are some common issues and troubleshooting tips to help you overcome them:

Yellowing leaves

If you notice the leaves of your celery plants turning yellow, it may be due to a lack of nutrients or water. Make sure to fertilize your plants regularly, and water them deeply and consistently.


Celery plants may bolt, or go to seed prematurely, if they are exposed to temperatures over 75°F (23°C) for extended periods. To prevent bolting, consider planting celery in a shady area or providing shade during hot days.

Poor growth

If your celery plants are not growing as expected, it may be due to inadequate soil conditions or insufficient water. Test your soil to ensure it has the proper nutrients, and water your plants regularly and deeply.

By following these celery cultivation techniques and celery care instructions, you can troubleshoot and overcome common issues that may arise during the growing process. With a little patience and perseverance, you’ll be able to enjoy a bountiful harvest of delicious, homegrown celery.


Growing celery at home is an enjoyable activity that yields delicious and healthy results. With the right soil, adequate water, proper care, and patience, anyone can cultivate this versatile vegetable in their garden. Remember to follow the tips outlined in this guide to ensure successful celery growth.

So, what are you waiting for? Use this guide as your ultimate reference and start your celery-growing journey today. You’ll soon be able to savor the delicious taste of homegrown celery and impress your loved ones with your green thumb.


Can I grow celery indoors?

Yes, celery can be grown indoors as long as it receives adequate sunlight or artificial grow lights and is provided with the right growing conditions.

How long does it take to grow celery?

Celery typically takes around 16-18 weeks to reach maturity from the time of planting.

Can I regrow celery from kitchen scraps?

Yes, you can regrow celery from the base of a store-bought celery bunch. Place the base in water and wait for new growth before transplanting it into soil.

What is the best time of year to plant celery?

Celery is best planted in early spring or late summer/early fall when the temperatures are cooler.

How often should I water my celery plants?

Celery plants require consistent moisture, so water them deeply and regularly, ensuring the soil stays consistently moist, but not waterlogged.

Are there any companion plants that go well with celery?

Some companion plants for celery include beans, cabbage, cauliflower, onions, and tomatoes.

How do I prevent celery plants from bolting?

To prevent celery plants from bolting (producing flowers prematurely), keep them consistently cool by providing shade and adequate moisture.

What are common pests that can affect celery?

Common pests that can affect celery include aphids, slugs, snails, and celery leaf miners. Regularly inspect your plants and take appropriate measures to control these pests.

Can I store harvested celery for a long period?

Yes, harvested celery can be stored for 1-2 weeks in the refrigerator. It’s best to wrap the celery in a plastic bag or aluminum foil to maintain freshness.

How can I prevent yellowing leaves on my celery plants?

Yellowing leaves can be caused by various factors, such as nutrient deficiencies or overwatering. Ensure your celery plants receive adequate nutrients and water, and address any pest or disease issues promptly.

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