How to Grow and Care for Bird of Paradise: Your Complete Guide

How to Grow and Care for Bird of Paradise
12 min reading time

Bird of Paradise plants are known for their stunning tropical appearance and easy-to-care-for nature. These plants come in various colors and sizes, making them a popular choice for both indoor and outdoor spaces. If you’re interested in adding a Bird of Paradise to your plant collection, it’s important to understand its basic needs and learn how to grow and care for Bird of Paradise plant properly.

Key Takeaways:

  • Proper care is key to a healthy Bird of Paradise plant.
  • These plants thrive in bright, indirect light and high humidity.
  • Watering, fertilizing, and pruning are important aspects of Bird of Paradise care.

Understanding Bird of Paradise Plants

If you’re ready to take on the challenge of growing a Bird of Paradise plant, it’s essential to understand the plant’s characteristics and requirements. It’s always a good idea to do some research before bringing any new plant into your home, and this guide will help you get started.

Bird of Paradise Plant Growing Guide

The Bird of Paradise plant, or Strelitzia reginae, is native to South Africa but is now popular all over the world due to its striking appearance. The plant can grow up to six feet tall with leaves that can reach up to 18 inches long. It’s also a perennial plant, meaning that with proper care, it can last for years.

One of the most notable features of the Bird of Paradise plant is its stunning flowers, which can be orange, blue, white, or a combination of those colors. However, these flowers don’t show up until the plant is mature, which can take up to five years.

Bird of Paradise Care Instructions

When it comes to caring for your Bird of Paradise plant, there are a few essential requirements to keep in mind. First and foremost, the plant needs bright, indirect light to thrive. Direct sunlight can burn the leaves, while too little light can prevent flowering and stunt growth.

The plant also prefers well-draining soil, as it doesn’t like to sit in water. Watering should be done when the top inch of soil feels dry, but be careful not to overwater, as this can cause root rot. In terms of temperature, the plant prefers a warm, humid environment and should be kept away from drafts.

With these basic care instructions in mind, you can create the ideal conditions for your Bird of Paradise plant to thrive. Keep reading for more detailed guidance on specific aspects of care, including selecting the right location, planting and potting, watering and feeding, pruning and propagation, and troubleshooting common issues.

Selecting the Right Location

Bird of Paradise plants are quite adaptable, but proper care is essential for healthy growth. Selecting the right location for your Bird of Paradise plant is crucial for its well-being. Whether you plan to grow it indoors or outdoors, understanding the plant’s care requirements is necessary.

Bird of Paradise Care Indoors

If you choose to grow your Bird of Paradise plant indoors, it’s essential to provide it with bright, indirect sunlight. Place the plant near a window that receives a good amount of natural light but avoid direct sunlight, which can burn the leaves. In addition, indoor Bird of Paradise plants require higher humidity levels, so misting the leaves occasionally or placing a humidifier nearby is beneficial. The ideal temperature range for indoor Bird of Paradise plants is between 60-70 degrees Fahrenheit.

Bird of Paradise Plant Care Outdoors

Bird of Paradise plants can also be grown outdoors in warm climates. They require a location with full sun exposure for at least six hours a day, well-draining soil, and consistent moisture. Avoid planting the Bird of Paradise in areas where there is a risk of frost damage. If you live in a colder climate, it’s best to grow the plant in a container and move it indoors during the winter months.

By providing your Bird of Paradise plant with the right care requirements, it will thrive and add beauty to your indoor or outdoor space.

How to Grow and Care for Bird of Paradise: Planting and Potting

Planting and potting your Bird of Paradise correctly can help provide it with optimal growing conditions and improve the overall health of the plant. Here’s how to go about it:

Choosing the Right Pot

When selecting a pot for your Bird of Paradise, opt for one that is at least two inches larger in diameter than the previous pot. This will allow enough room for the roots to grow. Terra cotta pots are ideal as they allow for good drainage and can prevent against root rot.

Preparing the Soil

It is important to use well-draining soil when planting Bird of Paradise. A mix of potting soil, sand, and perlite is perfect for providing the plant with the required nutrients and drainage it needs.

Planting the Bird of Paradise

When planting the Bird of Paradise, start by adding a layer of soil into the pot. Then, carefully remove the plant from its original pot and gently loosen the roots. Place the plant in the new pot and add soil around it. Be sure to maintain the same soil level as before. Water the plant thoroughly after planting.

Potting Options

If you live in an area where the temperature drops below 40 degrees Fahrenheit, consider planting the Bird of Paradise in a pot that can be moved indoors during the winter months. However, if you live in a tropical area, planting the Bird of Paradise outdoors is ideal.

Fertilize the plant every 2-3 weeks during the growing season, but avoid over-fertilization as this can cause root burn and damage the plant. Furthermore, prune your Bird of Paradise regularly to keep it healthy and looking its best. By following these tips, your Bird of Paradise will thrive and brighten up your home or garden.

Bird of Paradise: Watering and Feeding

How to Grow and Care for Bird of Paradise Plant

Proper watering and feeding are crucial for the growth and vitality of Bird of Paradise plants. Here are some guidelines to follow:


Bird of Paradise plants prefer regular watering, but it’s important not to overwater. Wait until the top 2 inches of soil are dry to the touch before watering again. Ensure that the pot has proper drainage to prevent water from accumulating at the bottom. Inadequate drainage can lead to root rot.

If your Bird of Paradise is outside, it will require more frequent watering, especially in hot weather.


Bird of Paradise plants require regular feeding during the growing season (spring and summer). Use a balanced water-soluble fertilizer every two weeks. During the dormant season (fall and winter), feed once a month. Be sure to follow the instructions on the fertilizer packaging for proper usage.

It’s important to note that over-fertilization can cause salt build-up in the soil, leading to root damage. Use fertilizer sparingly.

By following these watering and feeding guidelines, you can ensure that your Bird of Paradise plant stays healthy and thriving.

Bird of Paradise Care Tips: Pruning and Propagation

Bird of Paradise plants can benefit from regular pruning to promote healthy growth and a more attractive appearance. Pruning can also help to control the size of the plant and prevent it from becoming too large or unwieldy.

To prune a Bird of Paradise plant, begin by removing any dead or damaged leaves or stems. This can be done with sharp, sterilized pruning shears. Be sure to make clean cuts at a 45-degree angle to promote healing and growth.

Bird of Paradise Plant Propagation

If you wish to propagate your Bird of Paradise plant, there are two main methods to choose from: division and stem cuttings.

  • Division: To propagate through division, carefully remove the plant from its pot and gently separate the root ball into two or more sections. Be sure that each new section has its own set of healthy roots and stems. Repot each section into its own pot with fresh soil.
  • Stem cuttings: To propagate through stem cuttings, take a cutting from a healthy stem with a sharp, sterilized knife. Be sure to include at least one node (a small bump on the stem from which new growth can emerge). Dip the cut end of the stem into rooting hormone powder and plant it in a small pot filled with fresh soil. Water the cutting regularly and keep it in a warm, humid location until new growth appears.

Propagation can be a rewarding way to expand your Bird of Paradise collection, but be patient and don’t expect quick results. It can take several months for new plants to establish themselves and begin to grow.

Common Pests and Diseases

Despite their hardiness, Bird of Paradise plants are still susceptible to pests and diseases. Being aware of potential problems and taking action promptly can help ensure your plant stays healthy and vibrant.

Spider mitesYellow, brown, or white spots on leaves, webbing visible on the undersides of leavesWipe leaves with a damp cloth, spray with insecticidal soap or neem oil
MealybugsWhite, cotton-like masses on leaves, stems, or at base of plantWipe with a damp cloth, spray with rubbing alcohol or insecticidal soap
 Yellowing leaves, sticky residue on leaves or nearby surfaces, small brown or white bumps on stems or leavesScrape off with a soft brush or cloth, spray with insecticidal soap or neem oil
Root rotYellow leaves, soft and mushy roots, foul odorRemove damaged roots, repot in fresh, well-draining soil
Bacterial leaf spotDark brown or black spots on leaves, yellowing and dropping of leavesRemove affected leaves, avoid overhead watering, improve air circulation by pruning

If you’re new to caring for plants, it can be challenging to identify these problems, so don’t hesitate to seek advice from a gardening expert. Regularly inspecting your plant for signs of pests or diseases can help catch and treat problems before they become severe.

Troubleshooting Common Issues

Although Bird of Paradise plants are relatively easy to care for, they can still experience issues. Here are some common problems you might encounter and how to deal with them:

Yellowing Leaves

If your Bird of Paradise’s leaves are turning yellow, it likely indicates a problem with watering or light. Check that the soil is draining correctly and not too wet or dry. Also, make sure the plant is receiving enough bright, indirect sunlight.

Lack of Blooming

If your Bird of Paradise isn’t blooming, it could be due to insufficient light or nutrients. Make sure the plant is in a bright, sunny spot, and consider fertilizing it with a balanced, slow-release fertilizer.


If your Bird of Paradise is wilting, check the soil moisture and make sure it’s not too dry or too wet. Wilting can also be caused by root rot, which can happen if the plant is overwatered or planted in poorly draining soil. If the roots look rotten, you’ll need to repot the plant in fresh soil and cut away any damaged roots.

By addressing these issues promptly, you can help your Bird of Paradise thrive and maintain its beautiful appearance.


Congratulations! You now have a complete guide on how to grow and care for Bird of Paradise plants. By following the tips and instructions in this article, you can ensure that your plant thrives and produces beautiful blooms.

Remember, providing the right growing conditions, choosing the right location, proper watering and feeding, pruning, propagation, and pest management are all essential components of healthy Bird of Paradise care.

By putting in the effort to maintain your Bird of Paradise, you will be rewarded with a stunning plant that adds an exotic touch to your home or garden. So, get started on your Bird of Paradise journey today and enjoy the process of watching your plant grow!

Thank you for reading our guide on How to Grow and Care for Bird of Paradise. We hope that you have found it helpful and informative. Happy planting!


How often should I water my Bird of Paradise plant?

Bird of Paradise plants require regular watering, but it’s important to allow the soil to dry out slightly between waterings. Aim to water the plant thoroughly once a week, ensuring that the excess water drains out of the pot. Adjust the frequency based on the plant’s specific needs and the environmental conditions.

Do Bird of Paradise plants need a lot of sunlight?

Yes, Bird of Paradise plants thrive in bright, indirect sunlight. They require at least six hours of sunlight per day to maintain their vibrant foliage and encourage blooming. If growing indoors, place the plant near a window that receives plenty of sunlight throughout the day or consider using supplemental grow lights.

How often should I fertilize my Bird of Paradise plant?

Fertilize your Bird of Paradise plant every two to four weeks during the growing season (spring and summer) using a balanced, water-soluble fertilizer. Follow the package instructions for the correct dosage and application method. Reduce or stop fertilizing during the dormant period (fall and winter).

Can I propagate my Bird of Paradise plant?

Yes, Bird of Paradise plants can be propagated through division or by taking stem cuttings. To divide the plant, carefully separate the offshoots from the main plant, ensuring that each division has roots attached. To propagate using stem cuttings, select a healthy stem with at least one node, remove any lower leaves, and place the cutting in a moist potting mix or water until roots develop.

What should I do if my Bird of Paradise plant’s leaves turn yellow?

Yellowing leaves in a Bird of Paradise plant can be a sign of overwatering, underwatering, or nutrient deficiencies. Check the soil moisture level and adjust your watering practices accordingly. Ensure that the plant is receiving enough sunlight. If the issue persists, consider fertilizing with a balanced fertilizer and ensuring that the soil has adequate drainage.

How tall does a Bird of Paradise plant grow?

Bird of Paradise plants can grow up to 5 feet tall indoors and even taller outdoors in tropical climates. The height of the plant will depend on various factors, including the growing conditions, care practices, and the specific variety of Bird of Paradise.

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