How to Build an Owl House at Home: Easy DIY Guide

How to Build an Owl House
12 min reading time

Are you a nature lover looking to create a safe and comfortable habitat for owls in your backyard? Building an owl house is an excellent way to attract these majestic creatures to your property while providing them with a cozy home. With our comprehensive and easy-to-follow DIY guide, you can construct an owl house that meets their specific needs, whether you’re a beginner or an experienced DIY enthusiast.

This guide will provide step-by-step instructions on how to build an owl house, from gathering materials and tools to installing the house in the perfect location. We’ll also cover essential topics such as the importance of owl houses, choosing the right location, and maintaining the house to keep it attractive to owls.

Understanding the Importance of Owl Houses

Before building an owl house, it’s important to understand why they are essential. Providing a safe habitat for owls benefits both the birds and the ecosystem.

Owls are predators that help control rodent populations, which can cause damage to crops and spread disease. By offering a suitable habitat, you are helping to maintain a healthy balance in the environment.

Designing an owl house that meets their specific needs is also crucial. Some best practices for owl house building include:

  • Using untreated wood to avoid harmful chemicals
  • Ensuring entrance holes are appropriately sized for the owl species in your area
  • Providing adequate ventilation and drainage to prevent moisture buildup
  • Placing the owl house at a suitable height, away from potential predators such as cats and raccoons
  • Locating the house near natural food sources, such as water and prey habitats

By considering these factors, you can create a safe and comfortable home for owls while also contributing to a healthier ecosystem.

How to Build an Owl House at Home: Gathering Materials and Tools

Before you start building your owl house, it’s essential to gather all the materials and tools you’ll need. Here’s a list of things you’ll require for owl house construction:

– 1/2-inch exterior grade plywood
– 2x4s or 2x6s
– Exterior screws
– Saw
– Drill
– Screwdriver bits
– Tape measure
– Pencil
– Hole saw or jigsaw
– Sandpaper or electric sander
– Exterior paint or sealant
– Asphalt shingles or metal roof
– Hooks for installation
– Wood glue (optional)
– Gloves
– Safety goggles

You can find all the required materials at a local hardware store. Remember to choose high-quality materials for durability and longevity.

Now that you have all your materials and tools, you’re ready to move on to the next step – choosing the right location for your owl house.

Choosing the Right Location

Now that you have gathered the necessary materials and tools, it’s time to choose the perfect location for your owl house. The right location is crucial in attracting owls and ensuring their safety. Here are some factors to consider when selecting a spot:

  • Height: Owls prefer to nest in elevated locations, so make sure to mount your owl house at least 10-20 feet high.
  • Structure: It’s important to secure the owl house to a sturdy structure, such as a tree trunk or post, to prevent it from falling.
  • Surrounding vegetation: Owls prefer to nest in areas with ample vegetation, preferably near a wooded area or open fields.
  • Proximity to natural food sources: To attract owls, it’s essential to place the owl house near natural food sources such as a water source, open field, or wooded area.

When choosing your location, it’s also important to take into account the direction of the opening. The entrance should face north, east, or south to avoid excessive heat and sunlight.

Choosing the Right Location Tips

Here are some additional tips to keep in mind when selecting the perfect location for your owl house:

“Remember to avoid placing the owl house in areas with excessive lighting or human activity to minimize disturbances.”

By following these guidelines, you can ensure that your owl house provides a comfortable and safe habitat for owls.

Constructing the Owl House

Now that you have gathered all the necessary materials and tools, it’s time to start building your owl house. Follow these simple steps to construct your owl house:

  1. Begin by cutting the wood according to the measurements listed in your plan.
  2. Assemble the pieces using screws, making sure to pre-drill the holes to avoid splitting the wood.
  3. Create a ventilation opening near the top of the owl house to prevent moisture buildup.
  4. Add a drainage opening at the bottom of the owl house to keep the inside dry.
  5. Finish by sanding any rough edges and adding a coat of non-toxic stain or paint to protect the wood from the elements.

Remember to place the owl house in a location that is at least 12-15 feet off the ground and facing away from prevailing winds. Ensure that the entrance hole is facing towards the open space and away from any nearby branches or other obstacles.

By following these steps, you can create a cozy and safe home for your feathered friends. Next, we’ll discuss how to add perches and roosting platforms to make your owl house even more welcoming.

Adding Perches and Roosting Platforms

One way to make your owl house more appealing to potential residents is to add perches and roosting platforms. Perches provide a landing spot for owls to access the entrance hole, while roosting platforms provide a comfortable place for them to rest.

When designing your perches and roosting platforms, it’s important to keep in mind the size and behavior of the owl species you are trying to attract. For example, a larger species may require a wider perch than a smaller species. Additionally, placing the perches and platforms at different heights and angles can provide a more diverse range of perching and roosting options.

When installing, make sure the perches and platforms are securely attached to the walls of the owl house. You can use screws or brackets to ensure they stay in place. It’s also important to avoid overcrowding the owl house with too many perches or platforms, as this can make it difficult for owls to move around inside their new home.

Tip: You can also add nesting material, such as straw or wood chips, to the bottom of the owl house to make it cozier and more appealing to potential residents.

By adding perches and roosting platforms, you can make your owl house even more attractive to owls. Take the time to carefully design and install these features, and your feathered friends will thank you.

Preparing for Installation

Before you begin the installation process, it’s important to take a few steps to ensure your owl house is ready and safe for its future occupants. Here are some things to keep in mind:

WeatherproofingEnsure your owl house is fully weatherproofed to protect it from rain, snow, and other harsh weather conditions. Use weather-resistant materials and seal any gaps or joints with silicone caulk.
OrientationThe entrance hole should face away from prevailing winds and towards an open area. This will help prevent water from entering the house and provide an unobstructed path for owls to enter and exit.
Secure MountingMount your owl house on a sturdy pole or tree using screws or bolts. Make sure the mounting bracket is secure and can withstand strong winds or predators.

By following these steps, your owl house will be ready for installation in the perfect location to attract and protect these beautiful birds. Next, we’ll walk you through the installation process so you can get your owl house up and ready for its new residents.

Installing the Owl House

Now that your owl house is complete, it’s time to install it in the chosen location. Follow these steps to ensure a secure and safe installation.

Weatherproof the House

Before installing the owl house, make sure it is weatherproofed. This will prevent any water damage and ensure the longevity of the house. Apply a coat of weather-resistant sealant to the exterior of the house and let it dry completely.

Choose a Sturdy Structure

Select a sturdy structure, such as a tree or pole, to mount the owl house onto. The structure should be at least 10-15 feet off the ground and clear of any obstructions for the owls to enter and exit the house safely.

Position the House

Ensure that the owl house is facing the right direction. The entrance hole should face away from prevailing winds, and the house should be angled slightly downward to prevent water accumulation inside.

Secure the House

Once you have chosen the location and positioned the house, secure it using screws or bolts. Ensure that the house is tightly attached to the structure and can withstand strong winds and predators.

Inspect the House

Inspect the owl house regularly, especially during nesting season, to ensure that it remains secure and safe. Check for any damage or wear and tear and replace any parts as needed.

Following these installation steps will ensure that your owl house is securely mounted and ready for its new inhabitants.

Maintaining and Monitoring the Owl House

To ensure the longevity of your owl house and the safety and comfort of your feathered friends, regular maintenance and monitoring are essential. Here are some owl house maintenance tips to help you keep your owl house in good condition:

Cleaning the Owl HouseEvery 6 monthsRemove any debris, nesting material and waste from the house. Wear gloves to protect yourself from any accumulation of parasites, mold or bacteria that may be present.
Inspecting the Owl HouseEvery 3 monthsCheck for any damage or wear and tear to the house, such as cracks, holes or loose screws. Fix any problems immediately to prevent further damage or safety hazards.
Weatherproofing the Owl HouseAnnuallyCheck the roof, walls and other parts of the house for any signs of rot or decay. Treat the wood with a weatherproofing solution to make it more resistant to the elements.
Providing Ongoing CareMonthlyCheck food sources in the area and ensure that the environment is suitable for owls. Remove any sources of light that may attract predators and cause disturbance to the owls.

By regularly maintaining and monitoring your owl house, you will ensure its longevity and attractiveness to owls. Remember to always wear gloves when cleaning the house and to fix any problems immediately to prevent further damage.

Attracting Owls to Your New Owl House

If you want to attract owls to your newly built owl house, there are some tips you should follow. Owls are attracted to areas with abundant prey, as they are natural predators. Avoid using excessive lighting in the area as this can interfere with their habits. Also, minimize any disturbances to the surroundings to allow the owls to feel more comfortable in the area.

Here are some additional tips to attract owls:

  • Add prey-attracting features: Install bird feeders, plant flowers or trees to attract insects, or even build a small pond. This will create an environment that is more attractive to owls.
  • Reduce noise and traffic: Owls prefer quieter environments with minimal human activity. Avoid disturbing the area around the owl house.
  • Install a motion-activated camera: By installing a camera, you can monitor the activity around the owl house and track the owls’ movement.
  • Provide nesting material: Owls appreciate soft nesting material, such as leaves, wood shavings, or straw. Place these materials near the owl house or inside it to make it more attractive to them.
  • Be patient: It can take some time for owls to find your owl house and make it their home. Be persistent and keep monitoring the area for any signs of activity.

By following these tips, you can attract the majestic creatures of the night to your backyard. Remember to be respectful of their living space and avoid interfering with their natural habits. Enjoy the beauty of watching these amazing birds thrive in their new home!


Congratulations on completing your owl house! By following this DIY guide, you have created a safe and cozy habitat for owls in your backyard. Remember to regularly maintain and monitor the house to ensure its longevity and attractiveness to owls.

As you begin to attract owls to your new house, it’s important to continue creating a welcoming environment for them. Avoid using excessive lighting or loud noises near the house, and consider planting native trees and shrubs to provide natural food sources.


How long does it take to build an owl house?

The time it takes to build an owl house will vary depending on your skill level and the complexity of the design. Generally, it can take anywhere from a few hours to a couple of days.

What materials do I need to build an owl house?

To build an owl house, you will need materials such as plywood, screws, wood glue, a saw, a drill, and waterproof paint or sealant. A complete list of materials can be found in the “Gathering Materials and Tools” section.

Do I need any special tools to construct an owl house?

While basic tools like a saw and drill are necessary, you don’t need any specialized tools. Most of the tools required for building an owl house are commonly found in a DIY enthusiast’s toolbox.

Can I install an owl house in my backyard?

Yes, you can install an owl house in your backyard as long as you have suitable trees or structures to mount it on. However, it’s important to consider the height, vegetation, and food sources in the area to attract owls.

How often should I clean and maintain the owl house?

It is recommended to clean and inspect the owl house once a year, preferably during the late winter or early spring. Regular maintenance will help ensure the house remains in good condition and ready for new inhabitants.

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